Maria Montessori was born in Italy in 1870. She became the first woman to graduate from the University of Rome Medical School in 1896. In addition, to being a doctor, Maria Montessori did research in psychiatric medicine and continued her education in philosophy, psychology and education. Dr. Montessori was appointed Professor at the University of Rome in 1904.
Dr. Montessori's interest in the development of children started with disabled and mentally challenged children. Through this process of children in her care her theories evolved. She saw amazing results with these children and thus began her philosophies. In 1906, Dr. Maria Montessori founded the first Casa de Bambini also known as a "Children's House".
Dr. Montessori discovered how young children naturally adapted and enjoyed learning. Dr. Maria Montessori continued her work and findings, which she shared throughout the United States, Europe and India. She founded training courses, an institute for research in Spain, and Montessori Training Centers around the world.. Dr. Maria Montessori was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize three times.